The Know Sure Thing (KST) is a momentum oscillator developed by Martin Pring to make rate-of-change readings easier for traders to interpret.

Trading signals are generated when the KST crosses over the signal line, but traders also look for overbought or oversold conditions.

Traders also combine the KST with other technical analysis to maximize their odds of a successful trade.

The KST is calculated by taking the simple moving average (SMA) of four different rate-of-change (ROC) periods, adding them together to come up with the KST, and creating a signal line by taking the 9-period SMA of the KST.

The KST is calculated with the following equation:

KST

=

(

RCMA #1

x

1

)

+

(

RCMA #2

x

2

)

+

KST

=

(

RCMA #3

x

3

)

+

(

RCMA #4

x

4

)

where:

RCMA #1

=

10-period SMA of 10-period ROC

RCMA #2

=

10-period SMA of 15-period ROC

RCMA #3

=

10-period SMA of 20-period ROC

RCMA #4

=

15-period SMA of 30-period ROC

begin{aligned} &text{KST} = ( text{RCMA #1} times 1 ) + ( text{RCMA #2} times 2 ) + \ &phantom { text{KST} = } (text{RCMA #3} times 3 ) + ( text{RCMA #4} times 4) \ &textbf{where:} \ &text{RCMA #1} = text{10-period SMA of 10-period ROC} \ &text{RCMA #2} = text{10-period SMA of 15-period ROC} \ &text{RCMA #3} = text{10-period SMA of 20-period ROC} \ &text{RCMA #4} = text{15-period SMA of 30-period ROC} \ end{aligned}

KST=(RCMA #1×1)+(RCMA #2×2) +KST=(RCMA #3×3)+(RCMA #4×4)where:RCMA #1=10-period SMA of 10-period ROCRCMA #2=10-period SMA of 15-period ROCRCMA #3=10-period SMA of 20-period ROCRCMA #4=15-period SMA of 30-period ROC

Finally, the signal line is calculated by taking the 9-period SMA of the KST value.

The KST indicator can be used in the same manner as many other momentum oscillators, such as the well-known relative strength index (RSI). Trading signals are generated when the KST crosses over the signal line, but traders may also look for convergence and divergence with the price, overbought or oversold conditions, or crossovers of the center line.

Many traders combine the KST indicator with other forms of technical analysis to maximize their odds of success. For example, traders may look at other non-momentum indicators, chart patterns, or candlestick patterns to help in their decision-making.

In a 1992 *Stocks and Commodities* article, Pring referred to the indicator as “Summed Rate of Change (KST),” but the KST term stuck with technical analysts.

Let’s take a look at an example chart:

Image by Sabrina Jiang (C) Investopedia 2021

In the example above, the KST indicator reached highly overbought conditions in early February and eventually experienced a crossover, which generated a well-timed sell signal. The indicator also crossed over in late February, mid-March, and mid-April with limited success, but the key is looking for both overbought or oversold conditions, as well as a crossover to signal the trade.

Traders may have also looked at other forms of technical analysis to maximize their odds of a successful trade. For example, traders looking at the above chart may have considered the significant bearish volume on the day that the signal occurred or the candlestick patterns leading up to the trading signal when making their decision. These insights could also be used to avoid making less profitable trades suggested by the KST indicator.